"Buzz wants to go back to Mars!"
It wasn’t the first and it won’t be the last. The circumstances that arose from the astronauts setting foot on Mars are continuing.
After successfully landing man on the Moon, NASA and the U.S. Department of Defense initiated Project Horizon, an ambitious mission to set up a permanent stationary base on our satellite.
In the following years, a similar project received funding but its destination was millions of miles away. Codenamed Project Redsun, its aim was to successfully colonize the Red Planet. The first mission saw three astronauts taking the journey aboard a modified Saturn V left over from the discontinued Apollo Program.
Since Project Redsun was a joint operation between the U.S. and the USSR, a soviet cosmonaut accompanied the two famous American astronauts Buzz Aldrin and Neil Armstrong. The rocket was launched from a ‘secret and absolutely isolated zone in Brazil.’ The absolute secrecy such a mission would require meant the entire affair was kept under a tight lid.
You might want to read the PDF titled "Eyes on the Red Planet: Human Mars Mission Planning, 1952 - 1970, written by NASA, outlining their interests for manned missions to the Red Planet since 1952.
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